68 into sharing more of their opinions over time, once they get used to doing reflection steps. Useful Tip #4 Before choosing a type of evaluation, assessment, and validation, it is essential to be aware of what kind of knowledge, understanding, and competences you are teaching the learners. What are they supposed to take away from your course? By thinking about this aspect, you will get an insight into what the assessment should look like. Useful Tip #5 If you are unsure what assessment and validation tool you should use, you can write down a list of questions which you want to have answered at the end of the course: What have they learned? Have they understood XY? Are they able to explain XY to someone else? Are they inclined to apply the learned content in the future? Etc. Depending on what questions you want answered, the assessment method might change. Also note the importance of how much time there is for the assessment. If someone receives a questionnaire at the end of a course with open answered questions but only has 2 minutes to fill it in, they are more inclined to comment shortly or just write Yes or No everywhere. Give the learners enough time for the assessment.