67 completed for positive validation with the learned topic. various kinds (can be about social processes, as well as, practical ones, e.g., chemical reactions). Top Tips Useful Tip #1 There are many resources online, supporting teachers and trainers in assessing someone’s digital citizenship and digital competences. Take advantage of these tools to assess your learners’ digital abilities before the lessons and courses, so you know what areas should be developed further and what the learners are already experienced in. Useful Tip #2 Courses and workshops that award Open Badges at their completion should always have a regulated structure. This includes Fixed number of hours the course takes List of learning objectives List of competences/knowledge acquired in the course Final assessment When you are designing a course which is to be certified with an Open Badge, you can also research similar courses online, to see what structure other courses offer and use it as best practice. Useful Tip #3 Some learners have little to no experience with reflection steps in exercises and activities. Guarantee them that this is a safe and open space where they can share their opinions and perceptions freely. Should there be hesitation from the participants, the teacher/trainer can start by sharing their opinion and reflection on the learned content and course. It can also help to start the first activities with small, superficial reflection exercises and slowly guide the participants